Big diplomatic win for India;

India has achieved a major diplomatic victory . The Jaish-e-Mohammed founder Masood Azhar is now declared a global terrorist by the UN Security Council. This could be achieved after China decided against putting up a technical hold on the declaration.

A veto-wielding permanent member of the UN Security Council, China was the only hold-out in the 15-nation body on the bid to blacklist Azhar, it was blocking attempts by placing a “technical hold” and asking for “more time to examine” the proposal.

A UNSC designation will subject Azhar to an assets freeze, travel ban and an arms embargo. China removed its hold on the proposal, which was moved by France, UK and the US in the Security Council’s 1267 Al Qaeda
Sanctions Committee in February just days after the deadly Pulwama terror attack carried out by the Pakistan-based terror
outfit JeM.

What is the impact of being a “global terrorist”?

After a person or entity is designated a terrorist by the Security Council, all the countries, which are member of the United Nations, will have to establish a range of domestic mechanisms such as adoption of the list at the national level, or the use of
nationally-based designations of individuals or entities appearing on them. A series of bans, including finances, travel and arms, will be imposed on the person or the entity.

Confirmation of Masood Azhar’s listing came from India’s Ambassador to the UN Syed Akbaruddin, who tweeted, “Big,small, all join together. Masood Azhar designated as a terrorist in @UN Sanctions list. Grateful to all for their support.”

The french Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs of France said on twitter —France welcomes the designation today, by the UNSC 1267 Sanctions Committee, of Mr Masood Azhar on the UN’s ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List. For many years now, French diplomacy has been relentlessly pleading for sanctioning Mr Azhar, head of the terrorist group responsible, notably, for the Pulwama attack last February. In application of its Monetary and Financial Code, France had adopted national sanctions against Masood Azhar on 15th March. This decision taken at the United Nations Security Council signals the successful realisation of our efforts. France remains mobilised at all levels and all fora to take effective measures against terrorism.

In March, China had put a hold on the proposal to blacklist Azhar after France moved a resolution following the February 14 Pulwama suicide bombing that killed 40 CRPF troopers. Beijing had said it needed more time to “study” the matter but added that it was “sincere” about building better ties with India. It was the fourth time China had blocked such a move.

In the beginning of April, China had reiterated that it was “working hard” to resolve the matter of designating Azhar, as a global terrorist and strongly criticised Washington’s statement about using “all available resources” to do so as counterproductive.

Late April, India’s foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale held talks in Beijing with top Chinese officials, including foreign minister Wang Yi, on key issues including the listing of the JeM chief.

Azhar was released by India in exchange of passengers of the hijacked Indian Airlines plane IC-814 in 1999 and has since directed several attacks by the Jaish-e-Mohammad including an audacious assault on the Parliament in 2001 in coordination with another terror outfit Lashar-e-Toiba.

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