Being overweight or underweight affects your hormones and, conversely, your hormones can make it more difficult to maintain a healthy weight. That is why it is important to understand the relationship between hormones and weight loss/gain. Losing/gaining weight is not only about the diet you follow. It’s also about keeping hormones in check. Losing /gaining weight is never easy but when your hormones are not in check it gets harder.
What are Hormones?
Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through your bloodstream to your tissues or organs. Even a slight hormonal imbalance may have a significant effect on different processes in your body including metabolism, which facilitates the conversion of what you eat and drink into energy.
Being underweight can disrupt hormones, making it hard for you to get the nutrients you need. Similarly, people with hormone imbalances may find it harder to lose weight and decrease fat. Disrupted hormones makes it easier to gain weight and fat and harder to lose it, as well as affecting where fat tends to accumulate.
Hormones effect on a female?
Our hormones undoubtedly have a huge influence on our lives, but there’s no reason why we have to become slaves to them.The more we understand how hormones can affect the female body, mind, and emotions – the better able we will be to minimise their negative effects and enhance their positive ones. These are the few hormones which are responsible for weight gain.
The thyroid gland, which is present at the base of your neck produces three hormones—T3, T4, and calcitonin. These hormones regulate metabolism, sleep, heart rate, growth, brain development, etc. If these hormones are underproduced, it can lead to hypothyroidism, which is associated with weight gain. You can prevent it by consuming iodized salt, taking vitamin D, eating well-cooked food and consuming food rich in zinc quantity.
Insulin is secreted by the pancreas and is responsible to carry glucose into the cells. It is used as energy or stored as fat, which in turn maintains blood glucose levels. When there is an interruption in insulin levels, the body gets resistant to insulin. Muscle cells, then, fail to recognise the glucose-bound insulin and glucose remains in the bloodstream.
Testosterone is often considered as a male hormone, but women’s bodies also secrete this hormone. Testosterone helps to maintain libido, burn fat and strengthen bones and muscles. However, due to various lifestyle factors, such as age and stress ,it can reduce testosterone levels and can lead to obesity. Men’s testosterone levels tend to decrease if they’re obese or under stress. Similarly, low testosterone can make men more likely to develop body fat, including a potbelly.
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